It’s not all about winter-grade for cars in extremely cold weather. SAE 0W20 and SAE 5W20 motor oils are similar enough so that regular SAE 0W20 can be used throughout the entire year. However, the oil must be changed every 3,000 miles or three months, whichever occurs first when using conventional motor oil or any other conventional/standard motor oil with an API rating of SL or higher.
Both 0w20 vs. 5w20 oils are full-synthetic oil. The only difference between the two is their composition. 0W-20 has more zinc, sulfur, and phosphorus to protect against harmful engine deposits at low temperatures or high temperatures.
What’s the difference between 0w20 vs. 5w20? Motor oil blends? How does that affect me? Well, you’re in luck because we’ve got the answers you need. You’re going to learn everything you need to know about motor oil here. When comparing 0w20 vs. 5w20, oil pressure should also be considered. Below we analyze everything relevant to 0w20 vs. 5w20.
Viscosity can be measured on a scale from 0 (thinnest or thin oil – thicker oil) to a whole number. There is a direct relationship between the viscosity grade and temperature. Viscosity can also be used synonymously with thickness. However, it has been standardized by the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) to measure the flow rate of oils and greases.
Based on the Society of Automotive Engineers, SAE J300 standard, graded on a scale from 0W to 60 (W being the coldest temperature and 60, the hottest), lower numbers indicate thinner oils, and higher numbers indicate thicker oils.
A larger film thickness at startup could prevent deposits from forming on the cylinder walls, decreasing engine wear. As time went by, additive technology made it possible for oil to thin more slowly, allowing a selection of thinner oil to start within determining film thickness.
A motor oil’s cold viscosity is simply a measure of how much resistance to flow the oil exhibits at cold temperatures from zero to 30 degrees Fahrenheit. On the other hand, hot viscosity refers to the oil’s viscosity under operating high temperatures from 200 to 220 degrees Fahrenheit.
Single-Grade vs Multi-Grade Oil
There are two grades of viscosity for engine oils: monograde and multigrade. Monograde engine oils consist of 11 viscosity grades, from 0W to 60, which can be used in low or high-temperature conditions.
You should know that there are mainly two types of motor oils, multi-grade, and single-grade. Multi-grade motor oils have a unique chemistry. They can maintain the base grade viscosity (low viscosity modifiers) at a cold temperature while having the engine performance characteristics of the second grade when hot temperatures or cold temperatures.
Both of these motor oils are an excellent fit for your car. When choosing between the 0W20 and the 5W20, you need to consider a few factors.
0W20 synthetic motor oil (0W20 oil) refers to a gasoline engine model developed in the late 1900s, which was considered revolutionary at the time. It is a low-temperature grade that has been engineered to flow smoothly as an 0 in cold weather regions yet act like a 20 once the engine has achieved its full operating subtle temperature.
This oil is specifically designed for older vehicles. The 0W-20 API SN synthetic motor oil protects critical engine parts during cold weather conditions as low as -35°C/-31°F, making lubrication more efficient. Of course, synthetic oils prevent internal friction. They also provide the vehicle with a suited temperature moderate winter. Synthetic oil also when with an operating temperature.
0w20 Vs 5w20 – Fuel Consumption
The 5W20 engine oil is a bio-enhanced, low-temperature grade engine oil in modern gasoline, diesel engines, and hybrid engines. This grade of oil was designed to prolong the life of an engine while maintaining an optimum level of performance, fuel consumption, and regulatory compliance in all temperature ranges.
The 5W20 motor oil is the most advanced synthetic formula of synthetic oils today and is recognized globally by car manufacturers. The 5W20 engine oil uses a combination of high-quality synthetics.
Technically speaking, 0W20 and 5W20 quality motor oils have the same properties for low temperatures and warm weather conditions. Their compositions are identical, and both oils provide top-level performance for cars running on petrol. Considering fuel economy saves money. No one wants poor fuel economy.
0w20 Vs 5w20: Which one to choose?
When refilling your oil, be sure to choose the oil of the high or low viscosity recommended by your vehicle manufacturer. Often a specialized mechanic will swap out the old oil after servicing. If you intend on doing it yourself, always refer to the owner’s manual for guidance before attempting anything else. Many people aren’t aware that 5W30 is simply a 30 weight version of 0W30 oil. It is often thought of as an entirely different type of lubricant, which confuses.
As too much heat can shorten the life of motor oil, it is essential to know where your car will be driven. 0W-20 synthetic oil’s range is between -40°C to 20°C while a 5W-20 is from -35°C to 20°C. This means that if you live above or below certain latitudes, then either oil may not be suitable for their temperature specifications.
Not all oils are created equal. Vehicles in the United States with freezing climates require 0W20 motor oil, while 5W20 motor oil is recommended for vehicles operating in warm climates.
All engine oils have viscosity ratings, but not all of those viscosity ratings are created equal. Viscosity at startup and operating temperature are two different things. At cold temperatures, such as when a car is first started, a 0W-20 or 5W-30 oil will flow better than a 15W-40 or 20W-50 oil, which tends to be much thicker. As the car warms up, however, the situation reverses itself.
Next time you pick out synthetic oil, check to see if it displays the starburst symbol. This indicates that the oil has passed the tests listed for an SL service grade. The API donut means that the American Petroleum Institute (or European equivalent, ACEA) tested your engine and found it met the current SL service rating.
When the machine designer decides on the lubricant, it usually depends on what kind of vehicle. When the machine runs heavy tasks, high viscosity oil is needed. But when the machine runs fast, a lubricant that can quickly move away and return just as quickly is a suitable choice.
If your car requires 0W20, you should be aware that it will perform differently at cold temperatures. The 0W20 variant performs better during the first few minutes after a cold start and provides better fuel economy when replacing a 5W20 engine oil.
Mixing 0W20 with 5W20
0W20 and 5W20 are both high-quality motor oils that have been proved to be effective for the long-term care of your vehicle. However, these multi-grade oils are offered by different companies and built from different base oils. Additionally, each manufacturer has its proprietary additive packages, which makes the oil unique. Some professionals warn against using a 0W20 and 5W20 mix, while others say the opposite.
While most synthetics are made to prevent warming up in freezing climates and driving conditions, your 0W20 may require an add-on package to protect it during extreme temperatures. Always follow the recommendations in your owner’s manual. Do your research and make sure the parts you are choosing are compatible with each other and won’t wear down or cause any damage to your car.
Do not mix or interchange blends of 0W20 and 5W20 motor oil. Both specifications are set by SAE J300, which indicates the viscosity in CST at 100°C on a standard test. To determine whether an oil fulfills the requirements, it’s essential to see the API Service Classification. The full document is available from SAE International, and it more or less serves as a letter to disclose what kind of lubricant should be used.
But ultimately, the process of blending these two types of oil will have the same negative effect on an engine. 0W20 and 5W20 may contain different additives that can react with the contaminants left behind by 15W50—a blend between two grades higher than their own. This will likely make things worse instead of better.
Will 5W20 hurt a 0W20 engine?
Check with the manufacturer of 0W20 before switching to 5W20. Also, keep in mind that 5W20 is a synthetic blend and can have additives that could cause harm to a 0W20 engine.
Does 0W20 damage the engine?
5W20 is engine oil with less drag at the crankshaft and is better at startup during higher temperatures. It will be detrimental if used in 5W-30 vehicles. In an everyday engine, it’s not recommendable to incorporate the wrong oil. The modern engines or everyday engine use are vulnerable to summer extreme winter or extreme weather. The right oil can decrease any engine failure and brings great protection against rough driving and cold climate at the same time.
Can 5W30 be used instead of 0W20?
While our OE 5W-30 Full Synthetic is an excellent substitute for a 0W-20 recommended oil, it is always best to use the oil your vehicle has been engineered to use. A full synthetic oil change offers a good operating temperature. The operating temperatures improve fuel efficiency but depend on the oil manufacturers.
There is a clear difference between 0W20 and 5W20 two engine oils. They have different weights, different viscosities, and they are best suited to different kinds of engines you can have installed in your car.
Of course, if you know what you’re doing, then feel free to choose either of these. For your engine to run smoothly, you need to keep it lubed. That means changing your oil regularly and checking the oil level in between recommended intervals.